The Appellate Division Second Department is a portion of the U.S. Court of Appeals. This is a judicial system with higher rank over judicial issues. Lower courts can handle criminal and civil cases and hand out verdicts. However, these verdicts are often thought of as unsatisfactory by the defendant and the party involved. When this occurs, an appeal can be made to an appellate court.
An Appellate Division Second Department is typically the governing body over a specific region in a State. They are the ones to whom appeals can be brought. When these appeals are brought to a U.S. Court of Appeals, the professionals take a look at the case and decide whether or not to put it up for appeal. When it goes up for appeal, this is where an individual has to plead for their innocence and convince the Appellate Division Second Department that they have been wronged when it comes to the initial verdict made.
Because this Court is what is considered an intermediate court because it is higher than the lower courts from whom it gets the appeals, but lower than the Supreme Court which is the highest court body in the country, this is considered to be one of the more serious judicial systems. However, appeals can go through the Appellate Division Second Department and have the same outcome. If still not satisfied, the case can be moved from here to the Supreme Court for a final hearing.