What is a Verdict?
In law, a verdict is the finding of fact; it is the decision rendered by a jury on matters submitted to the body by a judge. For criminal cases, a verdict will be rendered and subsequently delivered to the court as a “not guilty” or “guilty” statement. A guilty verdict in a criminal hearing is then followed by the issuance of a judgment. This declaration of a punishment, which is rendered by the judge, will be followed by the individual’s sentencing requirements.
In the United States, a verdict refers to the formal finding of the jury to answer the legal question that was submitted to them. Once the judge receives—and subsequently observes—the verdict, the court will enter a judgment. The judgment is the final order of the case. If the individual is found guilty, the individual may choose to appeal the verdict.
Types of Verdicts:
Compromise Verdict: This type of verdict is reached only after the surrender of convictions upon material issue by some jurors in return for a renunciation by others of their like and as a result, the approval of the whole panel is not secured.
General Verdict: This type of verdict is affirmed when the jury makes a complete finding and unanimous conclusion on all issues presented. The jury, after review of the evidence, will find the fats of the case then apply the law—as instructed by the judge and court—to return a singular conclusion that settles the case.
Sealed Verdict: This type of verdict is placed in a sealed envelope when a delay in announcing the result is realized—delays are often due to the temporary absence of the counsel or judges. The verdict will be kept sealed until the court reconvenes; at this time, the envelope will be handed to the judge and read aloud in front of the court.