The CT court system is divided according to jurisdiction. Each court has specific functions and operates according to those functions. The State of CT judicial branch is comprised of the Supreme Court, which is the highest court in the State, the Superior Court, the Probate Court, and the Appellate Court.
The Supreme Court is the highest court, making decisions regarding cases which have already been decided by lower courts. The CT judicial branch answers to the Supreme Court. If there are accusations of legal actions which may have influenced the outcome of a case in the lower courts, the Supreme Court may toss out the verdict. However the Supreme Court does not hear actual trials.
The Superior Court, which is the next lowest in the CT judicial branch, hears a myriad of cases, including civil cases, criminal cases and family law cases.
The other courts in the State of CT judicial branch include the Appellate Courts and the Probate Court. The Probate Court handles issues with estates and wills. The Probate Court may hear cases which involve challenges to a will, including accusations that the will was written under duress.
Each part of the State of CT judicial branch has a specific function and purpose. The different parts of the CT court system also serve as a check and balance, with each court answering to the Supreme Court if there are accusations of misconduct which influenced the outcome of a case.
In the United States, there are several levels of courts. The State Supreme Court is the highest court within each State's jurisdiction. The State Supreme Court hears cases which involve appeals of the lower court decisions within the State. In fact, the State Supreme Court does not hear trials, but instead hears cases in which individuals involved in trials in the lower courts believe that the outcome was unfair or based on facts which were not supported by evidence.
State Supreme Courts hear cases in which it is believed that there was a legal error made in the original case. For example, a judge may have allowed facts into evidence which should not have been legally allowed. Cases which involve problems with the jury, including the presentation of facts which should not have been heard, may also be presented to State Supreme Courts. If the State Supreme Court determines that the case involved an error of justice, the case may be heard again in the lower courts.
States Supreme Courts are made up of a panel of judges which are appointed according to the rules and regulations, as laid out by each State's Constitution. When these judges make a decision, it is legally binding for all parties involved and must be accepted by the other courts, as well as the individuals involved in the case.
However, there are cases in which the finding of a State Supreme Court can be overruled, if there are Federal issues involved for instance.