What is the Supreme Court?
The Supreme Court of the United States of America is the highest
court system in the nation. The Supreme Court, as a result of this
classification and function, possesses ultimate, however largely discretionary,
appellate jurisdiction over all State and Federal court systems, as well as
original jurisdiction over local courts, in the United States.
The Supreme Court of the United States meets in Washington, D.C.
in the United States Supreme Court Building. The Supreme Court consists of a Chief
Justice and eight acting Associate Justices who are nominated by the President
of the United States of America and subsequently confirmed by the U.S. Senate.
When a Chief Justice is appointed, he or she maintains life tenure unless they
are removed after impeachment.
What are Supreme Court Judgments?
Supreme Court judgments are regarded as the most influential and
all-encompassing verdicts or rulings in the nation. The vast majority of
Supreme Court judgments either ratifies a Constitutional provision or at least
evaluates the intricacies revolving around a particular case in alignment with
the United States Constitution or State Constitutions. In addition, all Supreme
Court judgments are forms of appeals. All cases heard before a Supreme Court
are previously-rendered decisions of a lower court system in the United
What is the Supreme Court Cases List?
The Supreme Court Cases List refers to the tangible archives,
which store and house all Supreme Court judgments. In addition to the Supreme
Court judgments or precedents established through the Supreme Court judgments, the
Case List will outline the main points of the legal matter, as well as the
intricacies aligned with the case. The Supreme Court Case List will also
include all testimonials, significant entries of evidence, as well as crucial
dialogue that was latent in the particular Supreme Court judgments.
Supreme Court Judgments:
Marbury v. Madison
(1803): This particular Supreme Court judgment is regarded as the
keystone power of Judicial Review.
Through this Supreme Court judgment,
Judicial Review (the premise that a court system may oversee and nullify
actions of another branch of Government) was affirmed and formally established
in this case. Marbury v. Madison is viewed as a historical and fundamental
court decision that effectively altered the way a judicial body reviewed a case
in alignment with a country’s Constitution. This landmark Supreme Court case
was the first in the history of any judicial system to deem a ruling
Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857): This Supreme Court
judgment classified slaves as personal property. Although this ruling would be
modified with subsequent legislation, this particular landmark Supreme Court case
essentially fueled the flames that led to the Civil War.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954): A
landmark Supreme Court judgment that acted as a groundbreaking step towards
civil rights and the delivery of equal rights for all citizens of the United
States. Brown v. Board of Education effectively ended the segregation of public
schools throughout the United States of America.
NAACP v. Alabama (1958): A landmark Supreme
Court judgment which protected the freedom of association. This ruling enabled
citizens of the United States to assemble in groups for a common political or
human rights-based objective.
Wesberry v. Sanders (1964): The landmark
Supreme Court judgment declared each person’s vote to carry an equal
Roe v. Wade (1973): A highly
controversial Supreme Court judgment, which rules that states can and cannot
control legality issues in regards to abortions.
United States v. Nixon (1974): A landmark Supreme
Court judgment that limited the President’s “Executive Privilege”, which in
essence, limited the Commander-in-Chief’s authority and ability to exercise