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Quick Overview of the Consumer Court

Quick Overview of the Consumer Court

What is the Consumer Court?

The Consumer Court, also referred to as ‘The Consumer Court of
India’, is a legal institution mandated by the Indian Government. The primary
role of the consumer court is to provide a venue for individual consumers who
are subjected to illegal, unlawful, or unethical commercial practices within
the Indian Commercial Marketplace.

The functions of the Consumer Court are specific to only several
countries and nations. Oftentimes, commercial grievances are heard within other
court settings that are typically not specific to consumer affairs. That being
said, the instatement of a Consumer Court by the Indian Government in the
middle of the 20th century allows for the protection and advocacy of Consumer’s

The opportunity to present a case before the Consumer Court is
considered to be a fairly accessible process. In the event that a consumer
wishes to file a grievance before the Consumer Court, they will need to furnish
a payment of 100 Rupees. Claimants have the choice to hire an attorney or serve
as their own legal representation.

Types of Commercial Court of India 

Within the basic structure of the Consumer Court of India, there
exists a classification system granted to cases heard within its venue. This
classification system provides for 3 levels of categorization with regard
consumer hearings. Yet, despite a case’s respective classification, all
consumer matters and grievances are heard by the overarching Consumer Court

The National Consumer Court of India is responsible for the
administration and judicial review of cases involving the largest amounts of
financial loss or monetary grievance.

The District Consumer Court of India is responsible for the
administration and judicial review of cases involving the smallest amounts of
financial loss or monetary grievance. These cases involve matters no exceeding
20 Lacs.

Common Cases Heard Before the Consumer Court of India

Although the Consumer Court of India is responsible for hearing
all matters within the scope of Consumer Law within India, the following cases
are amongst the most commonly-heard:

The analysis and judicial review of the adulteration of
ingredients is common within Consumer Court. Suppliers and manufacturers of
edible oil products will be cited with supplementing ingredients within their
products without giving notice to the consumer populace. This is regarded as a
fraudulent act that may result in the ingestion and consumption of ingredients
without the knowledge of the consumer.

Food Shortages and Hoarding are also typically heard before the
Consumer Court of India. These cases result from the exclusivity assumed by a
single supplier within the commercial industry, which allows for the unlawful
and unregulated mandating of market activity and exchange.

Items sold on the Black Market, as well as the investigation of
Black Market suppliers, are common cases heard before the Consumer Court of
India. These cases involve the exploitation of the consumer market with regard
to product liability and warranty.

What Are Circuit Courts

What Are Circuit Courts

What is a Certified Verbatim Reporter (CVR)?
A Certified Verbatim Reporter, a type of court reporting certification, is a licensed and certified professional responsible for the transcription of speech into text taking place within a court hearing or trial. The act of transcribing legal proceedings from speech form into textual form is regarded as legal transcription.
Certified Verbatim Reporter positions are classified as legal occupations requiring specific certifications from accredited institutions. Certified Verbatim Reporter positions are offered in a multitude of professional settings, which include a varying degree of courts and legal venues, including municipal courts, city courts, state courts, district courts, circuit courts, superior courts, appellate courts, and the Supreme Court. 
The field specialties required within the varying degrees of Certified Verbatim Reporter positions are vast, ranging in salary, legal setting, and equipment used.
What is a Circuit Court?
At the most basic level, a circuit court system is a group of legal venues that works together as a regional justice system. A circuit court will try cases and hear appeals from within a specific region. As a result of these localized characteristics, the generic circuit court in the United States will maintain a unique scope and purpose.
The differences latent in a particular circuit court’s procedure and legal administrative process will vary from region and from country to country. For instance, both the United States and the United Kingdom use a circuit court system. However, each country is served differently based on the incongruent functions of their district court’s judiciary system. 
In the United States, each State is apportioned to 11 separate circuits, which consist of a minimum of 3 states per circuit. A circuit court of appeals functions in order to provide individuals or entities with a venue in which to engage in appeal hearings. 
Upon the approval of an appellate hearing, the motion for supplementary judicial review will be brought before the applicable circuit court of appeals. However, the only cases permitted to be heard before a circuit court of appeals are as follows:
Cases that have been heard by the applicable ‘lower courts’ existing within the hierarchical court system 
undertaken by that particular appellate jurisdiction.
Cases that involve individuals, events, or circumstances involving an area or location transcending a single State boundary or shared bodies of water.
History of the Circuit Court: 
In a historical sense, a circuit court was a series of court sessions held in various parts of a region at different times. Before the modernization of communication and transportation, the majority of regions throughout the United States had no local courts where legal matters could be heard. As a result of this system, judges and lawyers often traveled from place to place to evaluate cases and dispense verdicts. 
The circuit court system was originally a way to bring the laws of a nation into localities where there was no access to legal professionals or judges. This historical definition, however, is no longer acceptable, for the circuit court system has been replaced by permanent court systems in the majority of regions. That being said, several countries maintain the title of circuit court for at least part of their judicial system. 

Circuit Court System in the United States: 
In the United States, the term circuit court appears at both the State and Federal level. Congress has divided the United States into various judicial circuits to hand both original cases and appeals present within the region. 
Many states in America have their own circuit court system. Each circuit court system determines the level of jurisdiction its courts will have. That being said, the majority of circuit court systems in the United States are trial courts that will handle a variety of cases.
In the United States, most State circuit court systems are divided into district courts and subsequently fragmented even further to include separate court systems for different categories of law. For instance, in the United States, many circuit courts have separate family courts, small claims courts and drug courts. 

A Quick Overview of Federal Court

A Quick Overview of Federal Court

What is the Federal Court?

The term Federal Court is often used to describe the court
system present in the United States, which possesses jurisdictional powers at
the national level. The Federal Court system thus oversees matters that concern
the United States Constitution and the Federal laws, regulations and rules
which govern the nation. 

The Federal Court, through this definition, is held in
contrast to the State court system, which is the judicial system that possesses
jurisdiction over matters concerning the laws, rules and regulations of the
individual states. 

Levels of the Federal Court System

The Federal Court system consists of three distinct levels. The
first or lowest level present in the Federal Court system contains the U.S.
District Court. The District Courts in the United States are the trial courts
of the Federal judicial system. The majority of Federal Court cases originate
within this classification. 

The middle level of the Federal Court system contains the U.S.
Court of Appeals, which is subsequently divided into 12 regional or Circuit
Courts. When a decision is made in the U.S. District Court, the parties present
in the underlying case may request that the decision be reviewed by a
three-judge tribunal in the United States Court of Appeals. 

The Court of
Appeals may subsequently choose to overturn a court decision of the lower
system or have the case reviewed by the entire Circuit System. In addition, the
Court of Appeals may also remand the case back to the District Court for a
further review or do nothing and allow the previously rendered decision to
stand as is. 

The United States Supreme Court

The highest court present in the Federal Court system is the
Supreme Court of the United States. The Supreme Court consists of a Chief
Justice and eight Associate Justices. Each Associate Justice is appointed by
the President of the United States and subsequently affirmed by the Senate. 

According to the guidelines set by the United States Congress, the Supreme
Court may review cases from the U.S. Court of Appeals and cases from State Supreme
Courts that possess Federal implications.

In the United States, the Supreme Court is the highest court
system and the last judicial forum to which a case may be appealed. As a result
of its classification as the highest judicial body in the Federal Court system,
no decision may be appealed in the Supreme Court. All decisions made in the
Supreme Court stand as final. 

The United States Supreme Court also has the ability to
invalidate forms of legislation or actions of the Government which the Federal
Court determines as unconstitutional. This direct power of the Supreme Court is
known as “Judicial Review” and represents one of the predominant elements of
the checks and balances system. 

The United States Federal Government enables
the United States Supreme Court with an influence and power that is typically
not found in the judicial systems of other nations.

Family Court Defined

Family Court Defined

A family court is a venue that settles disputes and legal matters in relation to the broad scope of family law. Family courts convene to make orders and resolve pressing financial and emotional issues that can cripple a family. The typical cases associated with a family law court are the following: child support cases, child custody issues, visitation rights, restraining orders, and emancipation of minors.

In common law jurisdictions a family law court intends to create a legal forum that resolves all family-related issues. The format and legal procedures are universal, however, each district possess its own family court that must uphold the unique laws associated with family law in the particular State where the court is located.

Oftentimes disputes between families, especially in matters where children are present, are highly emotional situations that spark controversy. As a result of these characteristics, a family law court aims to establish mediation between the two disputing sides. Family courts work in congruency with district courts to find a middle ground to resolve juvenile and domestic legal issues. A family law court, in essence, collaborates with the court community, family court staff, and family court judges to efficiently resolve and process each case towards some sort of resolution. Contact a family lawyer to consult your case.

A settlement is obtained in a family law court through an application of efficient practices in case management principles. For example, a family legal matter is usually assigned to one judge and one family for all issues before a family law court. The cases in family courts are typically presided over in a timely fashion that offer the family limited continuances and continuous calendaring. As a result, family courts are able to offer disputing families more timely and thoughtful resolutions to their issues.

Res Judicata

Writ of Mandamus